Canberra – the Nation’s Capital


Canberra, the nation’s capital, is located in the Australian Capital Territory.

The city is 150 kilometres inland and 571 metres above the Pacific Ocean, 281 kilometres from Sydney and 660 kilometres from Melbourne.

About 367,000 people live in Canberra. The area was chosen for the federal capital in 1908. Canberra’s special contrast of nature and urban living was planned in 1912 by master designer, Walter Burley Griffin, a Chicago architect who won an international design competition.  Since then, Canberra has grown into a vibrant, cosmopolitan city with national attractions of heritage and history.

Canberra is the home of the Australian story. When you want to learn and celebrate what it means to be Australian, our nation’s history and culture and our way of life, Canberra is the place to be. Discover the Australian National Collection in museums, galleries, libraries and archives, enjoy outdoor recreation in extensive natural park lands and get a taste of the thriving food and wine scene.

Defence in the ACT

Canberra is home to most of Australia’s defence leadership. Defence headquarters are centred mainly in Russell Offices, Brindabella Business Park and Campbell Park Offices.

The Australian Defence Force Academy Canberra provides future ADF officers with a university education, and is the primary training establishment for officers of the ADF.

The Royal Military College Duntroon is situated approximately five minutes from the city centre, and it prepares candidates for careers as officers in the Army.

The Air Force’s RAAF Base Fairbairn is located approximately eight kilometres from the centre of Canberra, and is home to No 34 Squadron flying the VIP transport fleet based out of Canberra airport.


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